Semar bag a plant name Carnivore. Nepenthes, was first introduced by JP Breyne. Nephentes name taken from a wine glass name. In Indonesia, known as semar bag, with the title varied in different regions, stoneware monkey (Riau), bags of monkey (Jambi), ketakung (Bangka), sorok king paramedics (West Java). diamond Napu (Dayak Katingan), telep tip (Dayak Bakumpai), and violoncello begongong (Dayak Tunjung).
Plants included in the classifications of plants lianas (vines) the ground or in the branches of trees, married two, and separate male and female flowers on different individuals. Life on land (terrestrial), there is also attached to the trunk or branches of other trees (epiphytes). Nepenthes bag is a change in shape of leaf tip which has a function to trap insects or other small animal. Hence these plants are classified as carnivorous plants (Carnivorous plant), other than Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula), sundews (Droseraceae) and several other types. Carnivorous plants generally live in soil depleted of nutrients, especially nitrogen, such as the heath area.
Nepenthes included in the family and the class Magnoliopsida Nepenthaceae generally grown in lowland tropical rain forest, montane forests, peat forests, heath forests, limestone mountain, desert savanna and edges of the lake. There are about 82 types of nepenthes in the world and 64 species in Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan, Sarawak, Sabah and Brunei) was the center of nepenthes in the world. In accordance with the height of their home range, Nepenthes is divided into three groups, namely that live in the lowlands (0-500 masl (meters above sea level)), the plain medium (500-1000 masl) and highland (above 1000 masl). ]For in the lowlands include the type N. gracilis ], N. mirabilis , ] N. reinwardtiana ] and N. raflesiana , ] N. adnata, N. clipeata. mapuluensis is the kind that can live in the plain medium. While that can grow well in the highlands covering N. diatas , N. above, N. densiflora , N. densiflora, N. dubia , N. dubia, N. ephippiata dan N. ephippiata and N. eymae . eymae. Nepenthes propagation through stem cuttings, seeds and separating the tillers. Nepenthes generally terrestrial living in the lowlands to grow in places where water exists or near sources of water on the acidic substrate. Nepenthes also require intense sunlight during the day with a length of between 10-12 hours every day throughout the year, with temperatures between 23-31A ° C and humidity between 50-70%.
Enchantment nephentes now increasingly skyrocketed. Many fans began to collect various kinds of plants. The uniqueness of the figure and character to become a major attraction. For example, the ability of insect prey on plants. Although commonly found in the highlands, but few are able to adapt in the lowlands.
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